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Ahmed Abdulkadir road, Bauchi, Bauchi State.
Email: info@bicnigeria.com

Phone: +2348057777700

About Bauchi State

Bauchi State was created in 1976 and the State occupies a total land area of 49,259.01 sq Km, the State has a population of 2,826,444.  It is located between latitudes 90o 30’ North of the Equator.  Longitudinally, the State lies between longitudes 8o 50’ and 11o East of the Greenwich Meridian.

Bauchi State is bordered by seven States; Yobe and Gombe States in  the East, Taraba and Plateau State in the South, Kaduna State in the West and Kano and Jigawa States in the North respectively.

The State was created in February, 1976 from the then North-Eastern State. Furthermore, The Local Government Reform of the same year resulted in the splitting of the State into sixteen Local Government Areas.  The number of Local Governments remained so until 1989 when four additional Local Governments were created, bringing the number to 20 (twenty).    Successive Local Government creation exercises brought the number of local governments in the State to 23 in 1991. However, with the creation of Gombe State out of Bauchi State and the creation of additional local governments in the country, Bauchi State was reduced  from 23 to 20  Local Government Areas that it has currently.

From the description stated above about Bauchi’s State location, it can be  seen clearly that Bauchi State is one of the States in the Northern part of Nigeria that spans across two distinct vegetation zones namely; the Sudan Savannah and the Sahel Savannah.  The Sudan Savannah type of vegetation covers the Southern part of the State.  The vegetation is richer towards the South and along the course of the major rivers and riverine communities.  Nevertheless, the vegetation is less uniform and grasses are shorter than what is obtainable in the south that has the forest zone. 

 

While the Sahel Savannah, also known as the Semi-desert vegetation type, becomes manifest from the middle of the State to the north characterized by isolated stands of thorny shrubs.

The South-West part of the State is mountainous as a result of the continuation of the Jos Plateau while the Northern part is generally Sandy.

The vegetation types described above are orchestrated by the climatic factors which in turn determine the amount of rainfall received in the area.  For instance, the rainfall in Bauchi State ranges between 700mm per annum in the north to about 1300mm per annum in the extreme south. 

The rain commences earlier in the southern part of the State where it is heaviest and last longer. The rainfall begins around May and rounds off in November every year. 

The weather conditions experienced in the south and the north vary considerably.  It is humid and hot during the early part of the rainy season in the south, while it is hot, dry and dusty up north.

Bauchi State is watered by a number of Rivers.  These include the Gongola and the Jama’are Rivers.  The Gongola River crosses Bauchi State in Alkaleri Local Government Area in the eastern part of the State, while the Jama’are River cuts across a number of local Governments in the State. This is the reason why  substancial part of the Hadeja /Jama’are River Basin  lie in Bauchi State, thereby  providing Fadama areas with suitable land for agricultural activities.  The State is also blessed with earth dams which include Gubi Dam, the Tilden Fulani Dam.  There are also lakes like the Maladumba Lake in Misau that provides further   conditions that support agriculture.

Findings indicate that more than 2/3 of the land in Bauchi State is cultivable in spite of the amount of rainfall received in the State.   Besides,  it is a fact that the amount of rainfall received in an area determines, to a large extent, the kind of agricultural activity practiceable for that area, it is  expedient to state here that the effectiveness of rainfall does not depend entirely on the amount of rain recorded but the manner of  its distribution and precipitation. Therefore, the  average rainfall of between 700mm -–1300mm per annum experienced in Bauchi State,  has always been regarded as requisite enough to support the production of a large number of crops, especially with the recent emergence of early maturing varieties of traditional crops.

Since rainfall determines vegetation and vegetation in turn determines one of the principal activities of man that is, Agriculture, the kind of Agricultural activities that can be carried out successfully in Bauchi State can be determined from the discussion of these elements stated above.

For example, because of the vegetation type obtained in the southern  part of the State, Cereals like Millet, Maize, Guinea Corn, Rice, Atcha and other crops like Groundnuts, Cowpea, Cotton and Sugar Cane are grown.  However, in the north, Animal husbandry, especially Cattle Rearing and the production of other Dairy Products Such as Sheep, Goat and Poultry are the dominant activities besides Cereal Cropping.

From the foregoing, it can be deduced that Bauchi State is capable enough to Support Large Scale Agriculture owing to its topography, geographical features and  climatic conditions. Also if adequately harnessed and implemented, the state has a Great potential of becoming a Leading Food Basket of the nation that can increase It’s Internally Generated Revenue (IGR) arising from profits and potential contribution to the Nation’s GDP.

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